What is Arcosanti? Cult, commune or city of the future?

by | Destinations, USA | 28 comments

At the end of an amazing road trip through Arizona, we came upon Arcosanti. The website describes Arcosanti as one of the “cool places in Arizona to visit” and “one of the top tourist attractions”. Strange that we had never heard of it! The website for Arcosanti lists the Grand Canyon as one of the “Other fun things to do in Arizona”. With this kind of billing, we thought we had better check it out. By this time, I was sceptical, but we decided to pay a visit to Arcosanti.

Arcosanti sign


So what is Arcosanti?

Arcosanti describes itself as an “urban laboratory” and the “residents are part of a 24/7 living experiment”. Intriguing. Hopefully, as visitors we would not be subjected to any dangerous procedures!

In fact, the experimental days of Arcosanti are long since over and it is now somewhat of a white elephant left over from a bygone age.

In its current form, Arcosanti is a commune inhabited by interns, volunteers and, apparently, a few employees. They all live on site. At the time of our visit, 65 people were in residence. This is significantly fewer than the 5,000 envisaged by its founder, Paolo Soleri. In fact, there have never been more than 100 people resident in Arocsanti at any one time. A few people have lived there since its inception in the early 70s, but most people who come to Arcosanti are itinerant and stay for a few months as part of the experiment. It also serves as a placement for students, field studies and projects.

The main occupation of the residents appears to be producing the bronze and ceramic bells, which can be purchased in the visitor centre. According to our guide, residents grow some of their own food, although we saw no evidence of this.

Arcosanti bells on display


Arcosanti: the vision

Arcosanti was the brainchild of Paolo Soleri, an architiect from Turin, born in 1919. Soleri was concerned about urban sprawl, a consequence of city development in the Twentieth Century, and the destructive effect of this upon the environment. He felt that humans needed to change the way they lived in order to curtail this trend and preserve the natural environment of our planet.

In 1970 Soleri was granted funds to establish Arcosanti in Arizona, about 70 miles north of Phoenix. His vision was for a city in which people lived in cleverly designed, energy efficient buildings with all facilities shared and in close proximity to each other. Communal living would be the order of the day, but independent space would still be preserved. This would ensure that urban sprawl was minimised, the impact on the natural environment diminished and resources, especially those used for commuting, substantially reduced. Some fine ideas.

Arcosanti was founded as an urban experiment to test whether Soleri’s ideas could be made to work.  Arcosanti is described as an “arcology”, a combination of “architecture” and “ecology”. The title Arcosanti was derived from two Italian words, “cosa” (things) and anti (against) so literally “against things”, which supports the minimalist philosophy of the project. (Interestingly, the website suggests that “anti” means “before” so that the translation would be “before things”.)


Our visit to Arcosanti

Initially, we tried to access the site in our RV, but the dirt road was so rough and full of “washboard” that we worried for our china and decided to return on our bicycles. This was a good decision as the road did not improve. Fortunately we have mountain bikes with full suspension!

A view over the concrete structure of Arcosanti

The complex itself is not beautiful, more of a concrete carbuncle, but the landscape around it is very beautiful. Construction started in 1970 and one has the impression that it is not yet complete. Had we not taken the trouble to cycle all the way there, I doubt we would have stayed, but given all that effort, we paid our $15 each for the tour. There were about 8 of us on the tour so certainly not busy in the same way Sedona, which we had visited a few days previously, had been.

The visitor centre with the Arcosanti bells

Inside the Visitor Centre at Arosanti where bells, wind chimes and tiles are on sale


The bells in the Visitor Centre

Whilst waiting for the tour, I wandered around the visitor centre.  The bells, tiles and wind chimes, which were made on site, were on sale. Not really my kind of thing. I also perused some of the “notebooks” prepared by Soleri setting out his vision and philosophy for his arcology. I found them rather disturbing. The introductory pamphlet did not discuss architecture so much as wander into areas of religion, reproduction and “deviance”.  Fortunately the tour started before I had the opportunity to peruse further.

The Tour

The tour commenced with a video which set out Soleri’s vision and the history of Arcosanti. We were then taken by a young woman into the main body of the complex. As we walked she explained the background to Arcosanti and the purpose of the different spaces.

The complex has living quarters, communal areas and large gathering spaces. Apparently there is a group meeting for all inhabitants every morning in one of these spaces. They also have performances there by visiting groups, including a team of acrobats that comes by each year. The living quarters are not “homely”. Rather, they reminded me of student digs with roughcast concrete walls and very few home comforts.

A communal area

Inside a communal area in Arcosanti

Most interesting was the area in which the bronze bells are cast. A “pouring” occurs three times each day and is timed to coincide with the tours. The workshop is open-air in an “apse” (a quarter of a sphere, more commonly associated with a church or cathedral). All the procedures are performed by hand. We were warned in advance that the pouring of molten metal into the casts had to be carried out in complete silence. It certainly added an element of ritual, but given that the procedure of carrying and tipping molten metal might be quite dangerous, I think this is also important for reasons of health and safety.

Pouring the metal into casts

Pouring the hot metal into the casts to make Arcosanti bells

We wandered through the various spaces in Arcosanti and the guide explained the purpose and reasons for the structure of each one. There is an air of serenity throughout the complex, reinforced by the fact that it is situated by itself out in the beautiful Arizona desert.


Conclusions – is it worth visiting Arcosanti?

Reading some of the literature at the start of our visit, I was rather cynical, perhaps even disturbed, about Arcosanti and what it stands for.  Having undertaken the tour, however, I am rather more reassured. The fact that it sparked quite a discussion between my husband and me suggests that if nothing else it is thought-provoking. For this reason alone it is worth visiting Arcosanti.

As concern for global warming and the drain of resources on our planet mounts, there is a relevance in the ideas on which Arcosanti was founded. In many ways Soleri’s thoughts were ahead of his time. Arocsanti does belong to a bygone age and our understanding of ecology has moved on since the 1970s, but this does not mean that it is completely without merit. Lessons could be learned from the basic ideas behind Arcosanti. Combined with new knowledge and modern technology, they could prove valuable in the quest to preserve our planet.

I am interested to know your thoughts about Arcosanti. Please let me know in the comments.


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  1. I lived in Phoenix for many years and never knew about Arcosanti, so kudos to you for uncovering this, Jane! Justin and I love anything that sparks a conversation afterwards, so I agree with you there. I have to say that “concrete carbuncle” was the highlight for me, though

    • Thanks Lynn. It certainly gave us food for thought. I love that word “carbuncle”!

  2. Awesome post. Arcosanti is the type of place we would like to visit. Indeed the experience, would be worthwhile for the thought provoking and ideas on how we live our lives and how we can all attempt to live more sustainably

    • Exactly. The fundamental ideas behind this project are definitely relevant to issues we face today.

  3. As far as the real environmental danger around global warming goes, Saleri’s vision, even so long ago, puts many to shame. Places like this atleast contribute to the effort of creating awareness. Interesting read. Thank you for sharing that Jane.

    • I agree Lindsy. There are definitely lessons to be learned from this project.

  4. It is certainly thought provoking. It will be interesting to see how it develops over the next few years. Thank you for reading, Shelley.

  5. Really interesting….and bizarre and fascinating. Never heard of this before but as you said, definitely thought provoking. Great article Jane.

    • Thank you, Zanne. I really appreciate that

  6. I’ve never heard of Arcosanti before. This place sounds rather intriguing. I love to explore alternative ways of living on my travels although I don’t get the chance often enough.

  7. This is pretty much how I envision the life in Space that all the billionaires seem racing to figure out. Expect for the casting of bells with hot molten mettle. I don’t think that would go well in Space….

  8. I am definitely intrigued to visit Arcosanti the next time I’m in Arizona. I’ve never heard of it before and can see how it can generate some thought-provoking discussions.

  9. I’ve been to Arizona countless times and never heard of Acrosanti so I’m impressed of your discovery! It does seem a little odd and cultish but I do like the idea of living a better lifestyle to help the environment for the future. It would be neat to see them cast the bells!

  10. Arcosanti certainly is thought provoking. I’ve never heard of it but it would be interesting to see next time we’re close to Phoenix.

  11. Arcosanti has certainly intrigued me and would visit just to have a look for myself. Must admit to not having heard of it so a good find Jane.

  12. While the premise seems a little cult like, the fact there isn’t undying adoration for a leader is encouraging. So perhaps not. I always have more time for an ideology. One question though. Do you bring your fine china with you in the camper van?

    • Of course! Doesn’t everyone?

  13. My husband and I visited recently. We became adults in the ’70’s and lived through the counter culture revolution of the 60’s. We, too, had much discussion after touring Arcosanti and agree with many of your comments, but would like to add an additional observation from our trip. It appeared that none of the employees/interns/volunteers ever smiled or spoke to one another socially; it was as if they were in a trance while entirely focused on their task at hand. Nothing was growing in the garden either – it was completely empty of plants. Only concrete, clay, and bronze were ongoing projects and these were made to sell to visitors. We were completely saddened by the failure of this man’s vision.

    • I agree : a big idea which somehow lost its way.

  14. I have been in touch with Soleri, Cosanti and Arcosanti since late 1960.
    I appreciate this your presentation about your visit to Arcosanti. Please note the name of the founder is Paolo Soleri. (not Saleri)

    • Thank you so much for pointing this out. I am mortified that I had not picked this up in proofing. Corrected now.

  15. So cool and will have to check this place out when I am anywhere near there! I too have never heard of it but find it totally intriguing and would love to check it out!

  16. First time I have heard of the place. It looks like an interesting place to visit. I am sure the founder had good plans for it. I’d love to have some of those bells. though. They look pretty.

  17. This is indeed an intriguing concept and idea but personally, I wouldn’t want to be a part of the experiment in case it’s still ongoing. I think the vision is good but the implementation is another story. Thank you for sharing your experience and thoughts about this place.

    • I think you and I are in agreement about this. Interesting concept, but disturbing in its implementation. I would not like to be part of the experiment either!

  18. I first read of Arcosanti, in the whole earth catalog. it looked like a cool commune, to join for the summer, of course you’ll be on a work team. i actually visited {and stayed the night) maybe 10 years ago. it was awfully hot in my room. natural air circulation going thru condiuts and air shafts (simulating the principals of airconditioning, but energy free, it didn’t have (or doesn’t exsist). the original design was sonething like a 50 story building, were people lived and certain floors designated for recreation and socialisation (like tennis courts, swimming pools, track and field etc. etc. below going down 5 stories. would be high tech manufacturing and design centers (such as artificial intelligence, micro-chips, biological/medical development {hi priced stuff}. where everone worked. this would eleminate urban sprawl, like LA and what Phoenix became. and commuting to work.(which today is a nightmare). trying to achieve this by selling handmade wind chimes, is fantasy. interesting to visit on a road, but it just became a white elephant !

    • I agree: laudable intentions at the outset, but lost its way and now belongs to a different era.


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